Abstract: To diagnose and treat somatic disorders while considering psychosocial factors, medical and psychological practices require a comprehensive and operationalized list of criteria. The Evaluation Criteria for Psychosomatic Practice (ECPP) has been developed to address this need. It builds upon the updated version of the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) by incorporating significant psychodynamic factors and restructuring its framework to better cater to the practical demands of clinical assessment, diagnosis, treatment planning, and outcome monitoring. It offers four axes for clinical evaluation that can be used together or separately, depending on the needs of diagnostic process, treatment, informing the patient, or research: psychosomatic symptoms and complaints, risk factors related to personality structure, triggers, and secondary risk factors.
By utilizing the ECPP’s four axes, clinicians can gain a deeper understanding of how psychosocial factors impact the clinical picture and dynamics of somatic disorders and then effectively communicate this knowledge to patients, improving compliance and collaboration in treatment. Additionally, the ECPP’s framework allows for a balance of psychological, physical, and social treatment interventions that can be tailored to the specific needs of the patient, ultimately leading to better treatment outcomes.
Keywords: psychosomatic health, personality structure, psychotherapy, stress, diagnostic criteria for psychosomatic practice, positive psychotherapy