Eryilmaz, A. (2011): Investigating of the Relationships Between Adults’ Subjective Well-being and Primary-Secondary Capabilities with Respect to Positive Psychotherapy. Yetiþkin Öznel Ýyi Oluþu ile Pozitif Psikoterapi Baðlamýnda Birincil ve Ýkincil Yetenekler Arasýndaki Ýliþkilerin Ýncelenmesi. Klinik Psikiyatri 2011;14:17-28. Turkish language
Objectives: In psychology, happiness is treated with the concept of subjective well-being, which means an individual’s evaluation of and judgment about his life. Subjective well-being is not a single dimensional structure. It has three important elements: Positive affect, negative affect and life satisfaction. Positive Psychotherapy is based on balance model. Individuals cope with the conflictions they face by their bodies, their achievements, their social contact and fantasy. The aim of Positive Psychotherapy is to widen the opportunity with which he copes the conflictions. The goals of all therapy methods help individuals in order to get rid of pathologies and also live happily. So many therapy methods and assumptions put into practice with respect to these goals. This study examines the association between the positive psychotherapy constructs and subjective well being. Method: A total of 182 individuals- between ages 25-40- (94 female and 88 male) completed Wiesbaden’s Inventory of Positive Psychotherapy and Family Therapy, Positive-Negative Affect Scale, and also Life Satisfaction Scale. Multiple regression analysis method was conducted in order to investigate the relationship between variables. Results: Regression analysis shows that achievement and trustworthiness are important predictors of subjective well-being as secondary capabilities. Time and hope are important predictors of subjective well-being as primary capabilities. Conclusion: Achievement, trustworthiness, time and hope capabilities are important for adults’ subjective well-being. So, it is concluded that the results of this study can be used in therapeutic process.
Keywords: Subjective well-being, positive psychotherapy, primary and secondary capabilities, adults.